Crochet Basics


Crocheting to me is very therapeutic once you get the hang of the basics. This page will help get you started if you're trying to learn to crochet and a refresher for the seasoned crocheter!

Typical Pattern Abbreviations
    BPdc - Back Post double crochet(s)

    ch(s) - chain(s)

    cm - centimeters

    dc - double crochet

    FPdc - Front Post double crochet(s)

    FPtr - Front Post treble crochet(s)

    hdc - half double crochet(s)

    tr - treble crochet(s)

    mm - millimeters

    Rnd(s) - Round(s)

    sc - single crochet

    sp(s) - space(s)

    st(s) - stitch(es)

    YO - yarn over

    sl st - slip stitch


    * - work instructions following * as many more times as indicated in addition to the first time.

    ( ) or [ ] - work enclosed instructions as many times as specified by the number immediately following or work all enclosed instructions in the stitch or space indicated or contains explanatory remarks.

    colon (:) - the number(s) given after a colon at the end of a row or round denote(s) the number of stitches or spaces you should have on that row or round.


    Here's a couple of helpful videos for picking the yarn and type of crochet hook for your next project!

    Types of Yarn




    Yarn Weights, Symbol & Names


    Super fine (sock, fingering baby)

    Fine (sport, baby)

    Light (DK, light worsted)

    Medium (worsted, afghan, aran)

    Bulky (chunky, craft, rug)

    Super Bulky (bulky, roving)



    Types of Crochet Hooks

    U.S. Crochet Aluminum Hooks List

       B-1 - 2.25 mm

      C-2 - 2.75 mm

      D-3 - 3.25 mm

      E-4 - 3.5 mm

      F-5 - 3.75 mm

      G-6 - 4 mm

      7 (no letter) - 4.5 mm

      H-8 - 5 mm

      I-9 - 5.5 mm

      J-10 - 6 mm

      K-10-1/2 - 6.5 mm

      L11 -  8 mm

      M/N-13 - 9 mm

      N/P-15 - 10 mm

      P/Q - 15 mm

      Q - 16 mm

      S (speed hook) - 19 mm

      Pattern Difficulty Levels

      Normally, you'll see a level of difficulty by a pattern letting you know what's entailed in making that pattern:
      • Beginner - Projects for first-time crocheters using basic stitches. Minimal shaping.
      • Easy - Projects using yarn with basic stitches, repetitive stitch patterns, simple color changes, and simple shaping and finishing.
      • Intermediate - Projects using a variety of techniques, such as basic lace patterns or color patterns, mid-level shaping and finishing.
      • Experienced - Projects with intricate stitch patterns, techniques, and dimension, such as non-repeating patterns, multi-color techniques, fine threads, small hooks, detailed shaping and refined finishing.


      Measurement Conversions

      What if a pattern is written in centimeters and you need to know it in inches? Follow this link: http://www.rapidtables.com/convert/length/cm-to-inch.htm to do the conversion!

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